[Music] all right uh today I'd like to talk to you about how to build an MVP or a minimum viable product so if you haven't seen this before this is a meme that we love to talk about when trying to help founders with their MVP it's called the midwit meme the person who is the Jedi these super intelligent the founder who's doing all the best things and knows all the best things and the idiot the first time founder the founder who has no idea what's going on many times these two Founders will actually come to the right decision before the founder who is really smart and is trying to work really hard and do everything right


and so in this situation with the MVP the best advice is to actually launch something quickly and iterate get a product into the hands of your customers and then learn whether it helps them or doesn't and then iterate it improve it over time the wrong answer is to do 100 surveys and 600 user interviews and contact every single one of the competitors and spend you know a year fundraising and hire 100 people and you know all these other things that you can distract yourself with that it might appear like other smart things but in reality they really don't highlight the most important point about


an MVP which is you'd only really start learning about your user when you put a product in front of it that doesn't mean that the thing you build in RVP is going to work right it's probably not going to work it's just the best way to start the conversation with the user and how you can solve their problems so to summarize that point the goal that you should have as an early stage founder is you should be getting a product out into the world quickly minimum viable product second you should be talking to some initial customers and trying to figure out what you can do to make that product useful for them you should care


about how to help them accomplish their goals and you should try to figure out how can I change and iterate my product so that it actually helps them accomplish those goals and then rinse and repeat talk to more users iterate your product talk to more users iterate your product more often than not after three four five six iterations your VP is going to be very different you have learned so much but by having that conversation with users and by letting them see your product evolve you can actually make them more excited more likely to use your product more likely to pay for your product and you can learn 10 times more than just talking


your co-founders or thinking about in your head so the challenge today is that a lot of people are knocking MVPs a lot of people are talking about minimum lovable products or minimum useful products and honestly a lot of Founders actually just want to build you know God level products you know the Steve Jobs level make the iPhone and change the world there's this misconception that starting with something small that might not work very well is a bad idea there are a lot of people who worry that if you start with something small and you give it to a customer and the customer doesn't like the product you'll never be able to talk to them again what I will


tell you is this in most cases the people who are interested in talking to a startup are early adopters they're used to using products that don't work very well and the reason why they're talking to you is not because they think your product's going to work great it's because they have a real problem and they're open to using new software so you don't have to worry about losing these people these are the kind of people who try new products all the time these are the kinds of people if you tell them hey look I can't promise it's going to work perfectly from day one but if you keep working with me we'll make


it better and make it better and I'll make sure it works for you over time these are the kinds people respond to that pitch it turns out the people who will run away after seeing your product break and never use you again they're never going to try your product in the first place they're not early adopters they don't use new software so you don't have to worry about losing those people because you never had them you're not going to get them to get started now one of the things we have to work on at YC a lot is fear and this is the biggest fear that Founders have it's a non-specific fear of oh my God if I give people my product and they don't like it boom my


company dies and it's always like hilarious because when we think about this it's like well your company doesn't actually die right like it doesn't die tomorrow it's not like game over you haven't run out of money all your co-founders are gonna quit whenever we encounter these Fierce scenarios we like to dig in and kind of ask like well what would actually happen like imagine the worst case scenario you do talk to a customer you do demo your product it doesn't work they don't want to use it you wake up the next day is anything that different can't you reach out to someone else can't you reach back out to that customer who you demo to a week


later when you've made the product better is your startup actually dead more often than not when you have this fear what you should be doing is kind of leaning into it and asking yourself is this fear real is my company actually going to die if this scary thing happens and it's not bad to feel the fear but it is bad to act on it it is bad to spend one year building your MVP because you're afraid the first customer might not like it now there's another group of folks who thinks I know what the perfect product is and I know it's going to take a year to build why would I build shitty versions of it I like to call these folks fake Steve


Jobs and it's really a massive misconception of what great product people do a lot of people thought of Steve Jobs as the kind of person who could just imagine great products in his mind and then bring them out into the world but what's funny is that most of the time when people think about the products that Steve Jobs is most known for let's say the iPod and let's say the iPhone people don't take enough time to look at all of the different iterations of those products over time often when someone tells me like oh well you know Steve Jobs released an amazing phone first time I say well do you remember


that the iPhone started without an app store do you remember you couldn't take video with the first iPhone do you remember the first iPhone only had 2G and not 3G so it really really really bad internet like most people don't remember that most people the iPhone that they actually think of as an iPhone was like the third or fourth iteration of the iPhone the first version of the iPod had like an actual physical scrolling device where like Sam would get stuck into it and it would break all the time even the great Steve Jobs iterated his products over time so if you find yourself being a fake Steve Jobs thinking I know exactly what the


customer needs I just needs to raise 10 million dollars and spend a year building it and then launch it think again right like if Steve Jobs needed multiple tries to get his products right maybe you need to as well next let's look at some examples and in all these examples you're going to see three pretty simple points first all of these products were fast to build they could get out of the market quickly second they all had very limited functionality the third and interestingly enough all these products appealed to a small set of users these Founders realized that just making something that is smog for people's


loved was far more important than making something that could address all the needs of all potential customers from day one so here's what the first version of Airbnb looked like and if you were a user when Airbnb first launched here are some of the fun things that you didn't get to experience there were no payments if you found a place on Airbnb you couldn't pay for it there you had to arrange for payment some other way there was no map view so there was no way for you to actually see where the places were in the city that's a pretty basic one three even more funny you had to stay on


an air bed like you couldn't rent out your whole house you couldn't rent out a room in your house then fourth the first version of Airbnb only worked for conferences they would literally spin it up in a city when there was a conference when the conference was over they'd spin it down that was Airbnb to start that was the MVP here's a second example this one's my company twitch twitch started as a site named Justin TV where my co-founder Justin had a camera on his head the broadcast 24 7. in the first version of twitch there was only one page the page that you're seeing here there's only one streamer his name is Justin there's no video


games except for like we randomly would play video games sometimes like uh Guitar Hero or something like that and streaming was ridiculously expensive we were paying a CDN we hadn't built our video system yet but this was the first version of our product now when you go to Twitch it's completely different but this is where it started finally we have stripe this was the first version of stripe back then it didn't even have the name stripe it was called slash depth payments back then they had no fancy Bank deal they were working with a tiny Bank there was literally no direct apis with that bank for setting up accounts so they'd have to call the bank and


every night file manual paperwork for you to get your account set up and there are almost no features in their API the first version of stripe was so basic that even us back in the day at twitch couldn't use it because didn't have enough features but the folks who could use it were early stage YC startups who all they wanted to do was accept simple credit card payments from their customers that's all stripe did in the beginning and that was more than enough to get started so you might ask yourself who are these people who actually want to use crappy MVPs you're telling us that they're going to be built fast


they're going to probably not work that well and we're gonna have to iterate the hell out of them in order to actually make them good who are these early adopters who'd want to go through that experience there's this fun analogy that I was told as an early stage founder it was you want to build your first version for customers who have their hair on fire and it never quite understood what that meant I mean like it makes sense I guess but I always find it more useful when I attached a story to it so imagine that you are a person and your hair is on fire right now as you're watching this now imagine if I was sitting in the room next to you what


is the thing that you wish I could sell you to solve this problem your hair is currently on fire probably most of you will think some version of a bucket of water hose some kind of water thing now that is a great product that's like the iPhone today that would solve your product immediately I don't have that I'm a Founder I've got an MVP what I'm selling is a brick now what would you do if I was selling you a brick now some of you are like well I would you know I would leave the room like I couldn't use a brick your hair's on fire you would buy that brick and you would hit yourself on the head with the brick


to smother the fire that's an MVP it's not the perfect solution but you are in so much pain as a customer you will use a non-perfect solution to solve your problem that's the customer you should be going after for customers who are not desperate you can wait you don't have to go after them now just go after the desperate ones first don't make your life a lot easier now I know some of you um especially those who've gone to business school I know a lot of you have said I can skip this step instead of building an MVP iterating iterating why don't I just survey my users why don't I just talk to 100 users


and they'll tell me what to build I wish this was the case I wish that users could just tell you what to build and then if you built those things you'd win in fact I think every business wished that was the case here's the problem your customers are experts in their problem but they actually don't have all of the answers at how to solve their problem that's your job that's the job of the person who's building a new product surveys might help you understand the pain that your customer is going through but they will never help you figure out how to solve that pain the only time that you start having that conversation


with the customer is when you can put a product in front of them preferably a crappy MVP and start saying does this solve your problem I haven't really seen a shortcut to this step I haven't seen a shortcut of building something pretty fast that's pretty crappy to get started and even for larger companies even for enterprise software companies if you go back in time the first versions of their product they were not perfect they were far from it they were the minimum that those customers were willing to use so across the entire board you gotta start with the minimum viable product I think one of the most


important points that I want to leave you with is that you don't start your startup with all the answers building a startup especially the first phase of building a startup pre-product Market fit is all about learning it's all about taking some of the insights that you start with bringing them to the market and learning most of the solutions most of the best parts of product to use today were discovered after those products were launched when those Founders were learning from their users and building and launching MVP is the fastest way to start the process of learning and the faster you learn the more likely


you are to build something that people love before anyone else so let's say I've convinced you that now you actually want to build an MVP how do you make sure you do it quickly here are some tricks one give yourself a very specific deadline it's a lot easier to make sure that you're building something that's the minimum viable product if you give yourself two weeks or a month or a month and a half to complete it versus if you don't give yourself a deadline second write down your spec if you think that there are five or ten features required in order to launch an MVP write them all down


don't put yourself in the position we are constantly trying to figure out should we have that feature should we not have that feature I don't remember the feature we talked about the other day how should it look how should it work if you write it down then you can just focus on building instead of continuously debating what should be built number three cut that's back after you write all that stuff down go through each one of those items and ask yourself there's a truly desperate customer need that feature to start you're probably surprised at how many features you can leave off for the second third or fourth version of your


product and just get the basic stuff out first and then number four and most important don't fall in love with your MVP It's Gonna Change you're going to iterate it it's going to get very very very different over time you want to do it fast and you don't want to fall in love with it you want to fall in love with your customer with your user not in love with the crappy initial product that you're building to start learning from that user all right so hopefully you don't need any more convincing you understand that the simplest and easiest path and the smartest and most Jedi path is


to build and launch your product and then iterate it and so I wish you all a lot of good luck and while you're building remember one thing it's far better to have a hundred people love your product than a hundred thousand who kind of like it so when you're releasing that mvp it's totally okay to do things that don't scale and recruit those initial customers one at a time if you care about those customers I promise you they will talk to you that you can work with them and you can help them figure out how to solve their problems and as a result help figure out how to build a great product for them

Key Themes, Chapters & Summary

Key Themes

  • Importance of Rapid MVP Launch

  • Limitations of Extensive Preliminary Research

  • Focus on Early Adopters

  • Addressing Founder Fears

  • Myth of the Perfect Initial Product

  • Real-world Examples of MVPs

  • Efficient Strategies for Building MVPs


  • The Essence of Building an MVP Quickly

  • Critique of Extensive Pre-Launch Research

  • Targeting and Learning from Early Adopters

  • Overcoming Common Founder Apprehensions

  • Dispelling the Perfect Product Myth

  • Case Studies of Successful Startup MVPs

  • Practical Tips for MVP Development


The YCombinator YouTube video transcript "How to Build An MVP (Minimum Viable Product)" by Kevin Hale, co-founder of Wufoo and partner at Y Combinator, is an instructive guide for entrepreneurs on developing a startup's initial product. Hale's presentation is packed with practical advice, delivered in a structured and accessible manner, drawing on his extensive experience in the startup ecosystem.

Essence of Building an MVP:

Hale begins by addressing the importance of swiftly launching an MVP to initiate the learning process about the users. He explains that the real understanding of user needs begins only when they interact with the product. He emphasizes the goal of getting a product quickly into the world and iterates based on user feedback.

MVP vs. Extensive Preliminary Research:

Hale criticizes the approach of conducting extensive surveys and user interviews before launching a product. He argues that these activities, while seemingly productive, often distract from the most crucial aspect of an MVP - learning from real user interaction.

Early Adopters and MVP Acceptance:

Addressing concerns about presenting a less-than-perfect product to early users, Hale reassures that early adopters are accustomed to experimenting with new, imperfect solutions. He encourages focusing on customers with urgent needs, who are more likely to engage with and provide feedback on early-stage products.

Overcoming Founder Fears:

Hale discusses the prevalent fear among founders of product rejection and how it leads to delays in MVP development. He encourages founders to confront these fears, emphasizing that the startup isn't doomed if the first iteration of the product doesn't impress.

Misconceptions About Perfect Products:

He critiques the misconception that a startup needs to launch a perfect product initially, citing the example of Steve Jobs, who iterated his products significantly over time. Hale advises against aiming for a 'God-level' product at the outset, stressing the importance of starting small and iterating.

Real-world MVP Examples:

Hale provides real-world examples of successful startups, including Airbnb, Twitch, and Stripe, showcasing their humble beginnings and initial MVPs. These examples illustrate the concept of starting with the bare minimum and evolving based on user feedback.

Building MVPs Efficiently:

Hale concludes with practical tips for efficiently building an MVP, such as setting specific deadlines, writing down the specifications, cutting non-essential features, and not falling in love with the first version of the product.

In summary, "How to Build An MVP" is a comprehensive guide that offers valuable insights into the process of creating and iterating a startup's initial product. Kevin Hale’s presentation is a blend of practical advice, real-world examples, and encouragement for founders to embrace the iterative nature of startup development. His approach demystifies the process of MVP development and highlights the importance of early user feedback in shaping successful products.